Are you someone who is trying to bake more food because of its numerous health benefits? Are you curious to find out which pans are safe to put in the oven and which ones aren’t?
Do you often end up just frying something quickly instead of baking it because you are afraid of ruining your pan by putting it in the oven?
Well, you’ve landed upon the right article then.
This article will be a perfect guide for you to determine which pans are oven-safe and which ones aren’t.
After reading this, you will no longer hesitate to put a pan in the oven for baking because you will know that it’s completely safe to do so. As a result, you will be able to utilize your oven more often and incorporate the healthy method of baking into your cooking on a daily basis.
Why Baking Your Food is Beneficial
Before we get to discussing how to tell if pans are oven-safe and which ones aren’t, we would first like to motivate you to incorporate baking into your cooking.
There are many benefits of baking and knowing these benefits will definitely push you to bake more often. As a result, you will either finally take out the time to find your lost oven-safe pan in the kitchen or simply buy a new oven-safe pan to bake in.
First of all, the most important benefit of baking is that it is healthy for your overall diet. Baking requires far less oil to cook the same food as compared to frying. This is because, during baking, higher temperatures are used to cook the food.
These high temperatures in an oven melt all the natural fats existing within the ingredients of that meal. This means you do not have to add a lot of cooking oil in the same meal to cook it properly. Consequently, the same meal will have a much lower fat content in it when it is baked instead of fried.
Another reason baking is healthier than frying or boiling is because baking preserves the natural nutrients in your food. When boiling or frying food, many nutrients dissolve in the excess liquid inside the pan.
On the other hand, baking does not require high proportions of oil or water to be added to the pan so the nutrients do not get dissolved. This means baking your food will preserve precious nutrients in it like vitamins and make the same meal healthier for you.
Last but not least, an added advantage of baking is that it requires less effort from the cook. A cook can simply pop food in the oven and set a timer on it. They don’t physically have to be present to monitor how the food is cooking or stir it as it cooks.
This makes baking a very convenient option for people who like to multi-task and get multiple chores done while they are cooking food.
Things to consider to decide if a Pan is Oven-Safe
For knowing if a frying pan is completely oven-safe, you must first figure out if all the different components of the pan can withstand such high temperatures.
These components include the material the cookware is made of, the coating on the surface of the pan and the handles of the pan.
Furthermore, you should also find out if the lid of the frying pan is heat-resistant if you intend to cover the pan with it while baking.
The simple tips about the different components explained below will help you decide if your frying is oven-safe or not.
What Material is the Cookware Made of?
When deciding if it is safe to put a pan in the oven or not, the first thing to consider is the material of your frying pan. Generally speaking, oven-safe pans are usually made of materials such as ceramic, copper, cast iron, stainless steel or even aluminum.
If your frying pan is made of any of these materials or a combination of them, then your pan is safe to go in the oven.
Is the Coating on the Pan Heat Resistant?
The next thing to think about is the coating on your frying pan’s surface. Non-stick coatings on pans definitely make life a lot easier but they also limit the heat resistance of the frying pan. If your frying pan has a non-stick Teflon coating then there are higher chances of it having specific temperature restrictions.
As a general rule of thumb, remember that the non-stick coating of a Teflon pan gets damaged when exposed to temperatures as high as 500°F. This is when the Teflon coating begins to tear apart and release toxic fumes in the air. This is why you should avoid baking in non-stick pans.
On the other hand, enameled cookware and ceramic-coated pans are usually oven-safe up to 500°F. So you can use these pans instead.
To avoid damaging the coating on your pan, we suggest you carefully read the instructions for use given in the manual. If you have lost the manual then try finding out the details by searching the model on the manufacturer’s website. This will give you access to clearer instructions on what temperatures the pan can withstand in an oven and for how long.
Are the Handles of the Pan Oven-Proof?
The handles of a pan are most frequently responsible for restricting its use in the oven. These handles are usually made of insulating materials such as wood and plastic to provide comfort in holding the pan. However, these materials also limit the use of the pan for baking as they easily melt in the oven at higher temperatures.
This is why you must always be careful when placing frying pans with insulated handles in the oven. Insulated handles made of Silicone are better at withstanding heat. They are also oven proof and safe to put in the oven at temperatures of around 330°F to 475°F.
Rubber handles are also usually oven-safe. You may notice discoloration in them after being put in the oven but this does not affect their functionality.
Metal handles like stainless steel and cast iron handles are sturdy and safe to put in the oven. They can tolerate high temperatures of about 500°F so you don’t have to worry about melting them. Just remember to be careful and always use oven mitts to remove these hot pans from the oven.
Are the Handles of the Pan Detachable?
Many modern models of frying pans come with detachable handles to shift your cooking from the stove to an oven. This is a smart and convenient solution as you can remove the handle by simply pushing a button and make your frying pan oven-safe instantly.
Having detachable handles on your frying pan increases its heat resistance. As a result, you can safely use your pan in a variety of pans and not just for cooking on top of a stove.
Are the Lids of the Cookware Oven-Proof?
The last thing you want while baking in a pan is for its glass lid to shatter. For this reason, you must be careful to maintain a temperature that is safe for the lid. Glass lids can usually tolerate temperatures as high as 400°F.
Moreover, many frying pan lids come with plastic knobs and this makes them less resistant to heat. These plastic knobs easily melt in the oven so try to avoid using them. If you still want to use the lid for baking then we suggest you buy stainless steel knobs to replace the plastic knobs. This is a hack to make the lid of your pan oven-safe.
Which Pans Can You Put in the Oven?
We have explained the heat tolerance of different components of a pan separately above. Now it’s time to discuss the heat resistance of different types of pans as a whole.
Are Non-Stick Pans Oven-Safe?
As explained earlier, non-stick pans are generally not suitable for baking at high temperatures. Even if you remove their plastic handles and glass lids, they will still get damaged by the high temperatures in the oven.
This is because the Teflon coating on non-stick pans deteriorates and gives off toxic fumes at higher temperatures. This means the non-stick coating of your pan will get ruined easily if you use it for baking. It also means the toxic fumes released at high temperatures will pollute the food you just baked and make it unsafe for eating. Therefore it is wise to avoid using a non-stick pan for baking purposes.
Are Cast Iron Pans Oven-Safe?
Cast iron pans are considered to be the safest for baking. This is because they are made up of only metal which means they can withstand high temperatures. It is rare for cast iron pans to have plastic handles but this is one thing you should still confirm as a safety measure. Plastic handles can easily melt in the oven hence making your cast iron pan unsuitable for the oven.
With that said, you can easily make cast-iron pans more fit for baking by seasoning them correctly. This will make their surface non-stick and it will become far more convenient to bake in them.
Are Aluminum Pans Oven-Safe?
Aluminum cookware is often anodized to make the metal non-reactive and make it safe for handling higher temperatures. Once treated, aluminum pans are highly popular for baking due to their high heat conductivity.
The high heat conductivity of aluminum means your pan is able to quickly absorb heat while baking. This also leads to even distribution of heat throughout the pan. As a result, there are no hot spots on the pan and your food gets cooked evenly all across the pan.
Are Stainless Steel Pans Oven-Safe?
The stainless steel pan is thought to be non-reactive and durable. This means they are usually safe to put in the oven. However, just because these pans are oven-safe doesn’t mean they are also perfect for baking.
The drawback of stainless steel pans is that they offer low conductivity of heat. This makes stainless steel pans not very ideal for use in baking.
Are Copper Pans Oven-Safe?
The best part about copper is that it’s a metal with exceptional heat-conducting abilities. This means copper pans react quickly and alter their temperature according to the temperature adjustments you make to the oven.
This is why copper cookware is perfect to use in baking. It is also the reason why copper cookware tends to be more expensive than other types of cookware.
With that said, copper is a reactive metal and this is why it cannot handle very high temperatures.
Are Ceramic Pans Oven-Safe?
Ceramic pans can be entirely made of ceramic or also be metal pans with a coating of silicon. This coating is done on the surface of a pan to prevent sticking of food. Ceramic pans are beneficial for baking because they heat up gradually.
Furthermore, the ceramic coating is non-reactive which makes these pans even more suitable for baking acidic foods such as tomatoes.
Moreover, ceramic pans appear to be shiny and this makes them visually appealing. This is why ceramic pans are convenient to bake in as you can simply serve the food in the same pan you baked it in. It’s a win-win situation as you don’t have to transfer oven-hot food from a pan to another dish to make it look presentable.
Related Article: Why Do Ceramic Pans Lose Their Non-Stick Properties?
Last Few Words
We hope this article proves to be useful in making you understand how to tell if pans are oven-safe and why. As you can see, there are many different factors to consider about a pan to know if it will be able to withstand the high temperatures of an oven.
The details discussed above will surely help you avoid damaging any of your pans through baking. We’re sure that with this information, you’ll enjoy baking your food and will feel motivated to include this healthy method of cooking in your lifestyle.
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